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Purpose of Poomse (Form)         

 
 

 

     What is Poomse?

Academic Taekwondo®

A Poomse (Form) is a pattern of pre-arranged Taekwondo moves, consisting of blocks, strikes and kicks.

While performing a Poomse, the Taekwondo practitioner uses his/her techniques to fight off  imaginary opponents, attacking from multiple directions.  Each of the WTF forms  (Taegeuk 1-8) and all Black Belt forms (from Koryo to Ilyo) begin with  defensive blocking techniques that are followed by a counter attacks.

Each Poomse is to  be practiced so many times that it can be performed without a thought (having to think of what the next move, direction or stance would be). Only after practicing a form, hundreds of times, will the student begin to understand its meaning.

Basic Forms1-3
1-8 Taegeuk Poomse
Dan  grader's Poomse
 
 
 
 

Check Points of Poomse (Kukkiwon)

Poomse is a series of alternate attack and defense actions: So, there are frequent changes of actions and connections of techniques. One must pay attention to the movement of body, eyes, respiration, etc. The steps of paying attention are as follows:

  • A complete understanding of the significance of Poomse and the principles of its composition.

  • A perfect memorization of Poomse line, movements and direction.

  • During the practice, the following must be taken into consideration:

    •    Eyes

    •    Movement of the center of balance

    •    Low or high speed

    •    Strong or weak force

    •    Respiration

 

Five Steps Poomse Training

A completion of Poomse can be achieved through hard training  by observing the five steps below

  • Pattern  

  • Significance

  • Practical use

  • Self Style & Study

  • Completion

Categories of Poomse

The Poomses are categorized by the techniques, composition and points of stress, which are classified into three minor categories.

  • Technique (variable, practicable, simple)

  • Composition (proportion of Poom, hand, foot, and stance)

  • Points of Stress (strong-slow, gentle-speedy, etc.)

Classification and Symbolization of Poomse  Next 

 

Next 

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This page was last updated on 02/01/06.

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